Ambiguous Definitions of Hacker: Conflicting discourses and their impact upon the possibilities of resistance

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(Dedicated to the anonymous soul who uploaded "The Hacker Crackdown" to a random Vancouver BBS")

By Aaron Kreider
University of Notre Dame
December 13, 1999

  • Introduction
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Methodology
  • Hacking History
  • Phone Hacking
  • What is Hacking?
  • Juvenile Discourse, Black Hats, and White Hats
  • Hacker Language
  • Juvenility and Carding
  • Problems with the White Hat Hacking Discourse
  • Nostalgic Discourse
  • Problems with the Nostalgic Discourse
  • Law Enforcement and Computer Security Discourse
  • The Legal Discourse
  • Problems with the Law Enforcement Discourse
  • Media Discourse
  • Technopower
  • Hackers as Resistance (illegal and legal)
  • Limitations to Resistance
  • Conclusion
  • Works Cited